Baccarat is a game of chance, played in casinos around the world. Although it requires no technical skill, it can be very profitable for high-rollers who bet big amounts.
It was first played in the 1400s in Italy and France, but only became widely popular in Europe during the reign of King Louis XIV. Its popularity remained strong even after gambling was illegal in France (in 1837).
The game is played on tables of seven or more players, with a banker and a dealer. The table is divided into two sections; the Player’s area and the Banker’s area.
Unlike chemin de fer, which requires the player to make choices about which hand they want to bet on, in Baccarat the choice is made by the dealer. The dealer plays each hand according to fixed drawing rules, so that the banker’s and player’s hands have no association with either bettor or house.
In Baccarat, the player has to guess which of two hands – the Player or Banker – is closest to 9 points. The hand that is closest to 9 wins. The other hand, which is called a tie, loses.
To begin the game, a shoe is opened and the cards are shuffled. The dealer then deals the first card to each of the Player and Banker hands. Then a second card is dealt to each of the hands.
The first hand to reach a points total of 8 or 9 is the winner, but only if that hand wins its own bet. If the first hand doesn’t reach a point total of 8 or 9, the dealer draws a third card and repeats the process for each of the Player and Banker hands.
When the third card is drawn, the sum of the totals of all the bets on both the Player and Banker hands add up to a total of 9 or more points. If the total doesn’t add up to 8 or 9, then neither the Player nor the Banker has won and the game is over.
If the Player or Banker reaches a point total of 8 or 9, then the dealer collects all of the bets and pays out the winnings. If the Player or Banker reaches fewer than 8 points, then the Dealer takes a commission of 5% on any winning Banker bets.
It’s one of the most popular games at casinos, and has been around for over 250 years. In that time, it’s produced some of the most famous and beautiful glassware of all time.
Baccarat was founded in the mid-18th century by Cardinal Louis-Joseph de Laval-Montmorency, eager to create a prestigious artistic workshop in his diocese. It began as a small glassware factory, producing windows, mirrors and table services.
During the 19th Century, the company’s production expanded dramatically. In the 1830s, it was commissioned by the French royal court for table services and drinkware.
A major part of the company’s success was its production of lead crystal. In the mid-19th Century, it was commissioned by both King Louis-Philippe and Emperor Napoleon III for large, elaborate pieces of art glass.